The ISO14001 standard is about environmental management to help companies and institutions minimize environmental failures.
The ISO14001 standard is designed to minimize damage to the environment such as climate change, water and soil pollution with the help of official environmental laws.
ISO14001 is defined as a set of international environmental management standards, guidelines and technical reports.
ISO 14001 defines requirements related to the development of environmental management policies, determining the environmental impact of products or services.
ISO 14001 also specifies the standard requirements for planning environmental objectives, implementing the plan to achieve the objectives as well as taking corrective actions, management review.
ISO 14001, environmental management system upgrade:
The main objective of ISO 14001 is to improve the environmental management system by organizations.
The ISO14001 standard seeks to provide cost-effective tool(s) for using best practices to organize using environmental management information.
ISO 14001 is part of the ISO 14000 family and was developed in response to a recognized industry need for standardization.
The ISO14001 standard as well as the ISO14000 method can be used by all organizations regardless of the size of the industry.
ISO14001:2015 is the most popular standard of the ISO14000 family and includes the following standards:
ISO14004:2016, Environmental management system – General guidelines for implementation
ISO14006:2011, Environmental management system – Guidelines for the integration of environmental design
ISO14015:2001, Environmental management – Environmental assessment of sites and organizations
ISO14020:2000, Environmental labels and declaration(s) – General principles
ISO14031:2013, Environmental management – Environmental performance assessment – Guidelines
ISO14040:2006, Environmental management – Life cycle assessment
ISO14050:2009, Environmental management – Vocabulary
ISO14063:2006, Environmental management – Environmental communication – Guidelines
ISO14064:2006, Greenhouse Gas Standard
ISO19011:2018, Audit Management System Guidelines
Environmental management standards describe the general methods for managing an organization with regard to its social and legal responsibility towards the environment, during which the organization causes the least damage to the environment, so that the principles of sustainable development are included in the organization’s activities. The most famous environmental management standard is the ISO 14001 standard, which was developed by the 207th committee of the ISO World Organization.
Advantages of environmental management standards (EMS and ISO 14001)
Implementing the environmental management standard and obtaining the ISO14001 certificate has the following advantages for organizations:
- Organizing the work environment and preventing its contamination
- Establishing a better relationship with legal institutions and complying with environmental regulations and laws
- Reducing costs due to resource management
- Prevention of environmental pollution throughout the product life cycle
- Preservation of natural resources
- Safety and health
- Waste management
- Reducing resource consumption
- Sustainable development
- Proof of the organization’s commitment to social responsibility
What are the basic demands and requirements of EMS and ISO 14001 standards?
The requirements of EMS environmental management standards, including ISO 14001, include the following:
- Identification of legal requirements
- Identification of environmental risks, aspects, effects and damages
- Evaluation and documentation of environmental issues
- Performance evaluation against the standards and rules and standards within the organization
- Executive methods and environmental procedures
- Identify policies and implementation methods related to environmental issues regarding personnel, contractors and purchases
- Review previous environmental problems
History of ISO14001 series standards
Iranians have long respected nature based on the teachings of Zoroaster. Based on Herdot’s writings, around 2200 years ago, Iranians never polluted their four holy elements, including water, air, earth, and fire, and considered it a great sin. If a Persian wanted to wash his hands, he would never put his dirty hands in the water of rivers or springs, but would take some water and wash his hands next to the river or spring. Persians do not allow torturing animals or killing them for pleasure. they knew
But during the 20th century, humans have caused the most damage to the environment. With the warning of thinkers, the first steps to prevent pollution and preserve the environment in 1964 and global attention to the state of the environment, the statement of the World Conference on Human Environment, known as the Stockholm Declaration, was issued in 1972 with the slogan of only one inhabited planet in 26 principles. In the same year, Iran’s Environmental Protection Organization was created by changing the structure of the hunting and fishing monitoring organization.
In 1989, the climate protection resolution was approved at the forty-fourth session of the United Nations General Assembly.
After that, the Rio Declaration known as Agenda 21 was issued in 1992 at the International Conference on Environment and Development.
On April 6, 1992, the British Standard Institute BSI published the BS 7750 standard under the title of Environmental Management System, which ended its trial run by April 1993, and in 1994, its final version was issued for EMS management certification by CB certification companies. Other countries immediately began to develop similar standards, for example, France published and implemented the AFNOR 30-200 standard and South Ireland published and implemented the IS 310 standard.
In 1993, the World Organization for Standardization took the first step to develop a global environmental management standard by forming Technical Committee 207 under the chairmanship of Canada, and published the first series of these standards under the title of ISO 14001 in 1996.
In 2004, the ISO 14001 standard was revised for the first time, but the ISO 14001: 2004 standard was not much different from the ISO 14001: 1996 standard, and was more focused on clarifying and conforming to the ISO9001 standard.
The ISO 14000 standard family of ISO organizations is related to the environment to help organizations minimize the negative impact of their operations on the environment.
ISO 14000 is similar to ISO 9001 quality management, in that both standards relate to the product manufacturing process, not necessarily the product itself.
ISO14001 Standard Summary:
ISO14001:2015, environmental management system requirements that an organization can use to improve its environmental performance.
ISO 14001:2015 is intended for organizations that want to manage their environmental responsibility regularly.
ISO 14001:2015 helps organizations achieve the desired results that the environmental management system provides valuable feed for the environment.
The achievement(s) of implementing the requirements of the ISO14001:2015 standard include the following:
- Increasing environmental performance
- Fulfilling compliance obligations
- Achieving environmental goals
ISO14001:2015 is applicable to all organizations regardless of size, type and nature.
The ISO14001 standard applies to the environmental aspect(s), products and services that the organization defines.
ISO14001 standard certificate:
The ISO14001 standard certificate is issued by the issuing authority. The ISO organization itself does not issue the ISO14001 standard.
Applicants for ISO14001 standard certification can send their application to obtain ISO14001 standard by Iran Certification Center.
ISO14001 standard certificate is issued by CB under the supervision of IAF Association.
Applicants should immediately apply for ISO14001 certification through a private CB.